J Vol. XIV No. 3 September Dependency Theory: A Review Article. James L. Dietz. Both Fernando Henrique Cardoso and Andre Gunder Frank have been. something that has internal origin. In response to this theory, Andre Gunder Frank in propounded his. “dependency theory which saw the world’s nations as. In response to this theory, Andre Gunder Frank in propounded his “ dependency theory which saw the world’s nations as divided into a core of wealthy.

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Dependency theory

Modernisation theorists would argue against the view that Isolation and communist revolution is an effective path to development, given the well-known failings of communism in Russia and Eastern Europe.

The more recent kind of economic activity in the periphery is industry—but of a particular kind. Aandre leads to dependency. The third-world debt crisis of the s and continued stagnation in Africa and Latin America in the s caused some doubt as to the feasibility or desirability of “dependent development”.

Colonialism, Slavery and Dependency Colonialism is a process through which a more powerful nation takes control of another territory, settles it, takes political control of that territory and exploits its resources for its own benefit. They were led to the position that dependency is not a relation between commodity exporters and industrialised countries, but between countries with different degrees of industrialisation.

However, economies grow too slowly and long-term development projects such as irrigation schemes, dams, etc. Frwnk loans to the Third World involve interest. After World War II, increasing numbers of companies started to produce manufactured goods in the LDCs, taking advantage of cheap labour, relaxed health and safety laws and low taxes. Following colonialism, many of the ex-colonies were dependent for their export earnings on primary products, mostly agricultural cash crops such as Coffee or Tea which have very little value in themselves — It is the processing of those raw materials which adds value to them, and the processing takes place mainly in the West.


All of this resulted in huge social changes in the colonial regions: The former ideological head of the Blekingegade Gang and political activist Torkil Lauesen argues in his book The Global Perspective that political theory and practice stemming from dependency theory are more relevant than ever.

The periphery is kept in a state of dependency and under-development because the developed world requires cheap raw materials and labour.

Therefore, any over-production or fall in Western demand can have a severe effect upon LDC economies. Moreover, some have been accused of marketing drugs andree pesticides banned in the West. Feank theory rejected this view, arguing that underdeveloped countries are not merely primitive versions of developed countries, but have unique features and structures of their own; and, importantly, are in the situation of being the weaker members in a world market economy.

Many of these authors focused their attention on Latin America; the leading dependency theorist in the Islamic world is the Egyptian economist Samir Amin.

For example, land traditionally used for growing food was turned over to the production of cash crops for export. Webarchive template wayback links Wikipedia articles with style issues from January All articles with style issues All articles with unsourced statements Articles with sndre statements from November Wikipedia articles needing clarification from August Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from June International trade The way world vrank is organised today is a legacy of colonialism.

Andre Gunder Frank & Dependency Theory | Our Politics

Moreover, the MNCs are not accountable for their actions in law. Such poor countries are locked into a system that is almost impossible for them theorj escape.

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LDC governments may find themselves pressurised into accepting MNC investment, into making internal political changes and ensuring LDC support for Western strategic interests, e. This page was last edited on 2 Decemberat The New Rulers of the World — summary of the documentary by John Pilger, which seems to be a pretty unambiguous dependency theory perspective on the role of the World Bank, the IMF, and Transnational Corporations in globalisation.

Modern constructivism Post-modern constructivism Feminist constructivism. Learn how your comment data is processed. As a result of the unequal distribution of power and resources, some countries have deppendency at a faster pace than others.

ISI was controlled by elites, and these policies lead to economic growth while increasing inequality. Frank identities three main types of neo-colonialism: How Europe underdeveloped Africa. This article is written like a personal reflection, personal essay, or argumentative essay that states a Wikipedia editor’s personal feelings or presents an original argument about a topic. For dependency theory in linguistics, see Dependency grammar. Baran and tehory frequently spoke of the international division of labour — skilled workers in the center; unskilled in the periphery — when discussing key features of dependency.

Archived from the original PDF on 17 March Theoru Systems Theory ReviseSociology. In the s, members of the Latin American Structuralist school argued that there is more latitude in the system than the Marxists believed.

Social Transformation and Human Governance. Dependency theorists hold that short-term spurts of growth notwithstanding, long-term growth in the periphery will be imbalanced and unequal, and will tend thfory high negative current account balances.